In the last post, we looked at some ways to make your multiple-choice questions effective. In this post, I will suggest some other ways to make your multiple-choice items more reliable. Avoid negatives. Oftentimes, learners overlook the word not and, as a result, choose an incorrect response. It is a good practice to record your stems whenever possible. If the stem cannot be reworded, bolding, underlining, or capitalizing the negatives will draw the learners’ attention to these negatives and help them concentrate on the actual question. Also, if instructional designers absolutely have or want to include negatives in their questions, it is suggested to add them at the end of the question stem and use capital letters to bring attention to them. For example: All of the following are ways to make your assessment items reliable EXCEPT: Avoid revelation of correct response. The stems should be written in a way that does not automatically reveal the correct response to any of the … [Read more...] about 3 Ways To Make Your Multiple-Choice Questions More Effective
The ELearning Course Designer’s Blog
Today, I want to talk about writing effective assessment items. Not only that assessments draw attention to the most important elements of the course, but they also measure the extent to which learners have mastered learning objectives, help learners identify their strengths and weaknesses and keep track of learners’ progress. In order to be truly effective, assessment items must cover course objectives, be valid and reliable, and have correctly written stems, distractors, and feedback. Application questions are typically better than recall items as they promote higher-order learning. In this post, I will talk about the most popular type of assessments, a multiple-choice question. Multiple-choice questions require learners to choose the best response from several options. They are typically composed of three parts: question stems, correct answer or answers, and distractors. Question stems can include either complete direct questions such as, What is a Multiple choice … [Read more...] about 3 Parts Of A Multiple-Choice Question – Constructing Effective Assessment Items
Nowadays, most people own at least one mobile device. As a result, mobile learning is fast gaining popularity not only because it is cheap and convenient but also because it is one of the preferred methods among most people. Many companies, organizations, government agencies, and educational institutions have already embraced MLearning. While there are both advantages and disadvantages of mobile learning, the benefits clearly outweigh the challenges. The main benefit of mLearning is that it allows people to turn otherwise downtime into more productive time. For instance, people can take mobile courses while driving or cooking dinner. As instructional designers develop mobile learning solutions, they should realize that not all types of courses are suitable for mobile delivery. Learning aids using mobile devices have been found to be most effective for: Just-in-time (JIT) learning Review and Refresher training Access to Flash Cards and Reminders Evaluation and … [Read more...] about How Mobile Learning Can Help Your Organization?
ELearning gamification is the use of various game mechanics and gaming elements in a non-game context. When used in the workforce, gamification provides a quicker success rate than traditional training methods. Its elements include simple but effective specs like earning points, badges and a leaderboard as achievements (think Foursquare or Duolingo). Forbes’ recently interviewed Adam Penenberg, the author of Play at Work: How Games Inspire Breakthrough Thinking. Penenberg provided insight on how effective eLearning gamification has become in the corporate logistics. In addition, according to the Entertainment Software Association, it is estimated that for 70% of major employers games are quickly becoming the standard way companies enhance the training process for employees. Luxury hotel chain, Marriott, which launched their own eLearning game back in 2011 is using Facebook to offer their gaming application called “My Marriot Hotel” to recruit employees as that game allows … [Read more...] about Why Instructional Designers Should Add Games To ELearning Courses
I am happy to announce that my book Instructional Design for ELearning: Essential Guide to Creating Successful ELearning Courses is now available on Kindle (http://amzn.to/1eVQbsz). This means that even more eLearning professional will be able to purchase and read it. Here are some of the testimonials and comments I received from those who had a chance to read the book: This book is a must read for eLearning designers! The organizational structure, real-world examples, and visual features transform the book into a valuable learning resource. — Vickie Williams, Ph.D., Director of Student Services, Educational Psychologist, Lecturer, University of Maryland, Baltimore County. This book is packed with practical exercises and clear examples. I consider the Instructional Design for ELearning text a strong contribution to the field of instructional design. — K.S., Senior Instructional Designer. Instructional Design for ELearning: Essential guide to creating successful eLearning courses … [Read more...] about Instructional Design for ELearning book is now available on Kindle
ELearning professionals constantly look for ways to increase their knowledge about instructional design and eLearning topics. Below are some resources that, I think, should be added to the library of any learning and performance professional. ELearning and the Science of Instruction. Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning. by Ruth C. Clark and Richard E. Mayer 3rd edition Design For How People Learn (Voices That Matter) by Julie Dirksen e-Learning by Design by William Horton E-Learning Uncovered: From Concept to Execution by Desiree Ward and Diane Elkins ISD From the Ground Up: A No-Nonsense Approach to Instructional Design by Chuck Hodell, 3rd Edition Visual Language for Designers: Principles for Creating Graphics that People Understand by Connie Malamed Graphics for Learning: Proven Guidelines for Planning, Designing, and Evaluating Visuals in Training Materials by Ruth C. Clark and Chopeta Lyons Evidence-based ELearning by Ruth C. … [Read more...] about 9 Books That Every ELearning Professional Must Read